Hundreds of firefighters in Greece struggled to tame major wildfires burning for a sixth day, leaving 20 dead and prompting growing outrage among stricken residents.
A dangerous blaze raged for a second day on Mount Parnitha near Athens on Thursday, in the largest forest adjoining the capital, threatening a national park.
Fire department spokesman Yiannis Artopios told state television ERT there was an "explosion of fire" in a forest ravine early Thursday that renewed the threat to inhabited areas.
"The biggest fire fronts are being faced in Parnitha where great efforts are being made to contain it," he said.
In the district of Menidi at the foothills of Parnitha, where many have lost homes, there was anger at the perceived failure of the state to protect properties for yet another summer.
Nikos Lazarou, a 32-year-old mechanic, told AFP he was "furious" about fires "breaking out every year."
The same area had also been hit in 2021 by a major wildfire that burned part of a national park.
"The authorities need to take measures," he said.
Opposition also blasted the government for what they said was inadequate preparedness and mismanagement.
"We are experiencing days of complete collapse," Stergios Kalpakis, spokesman for the main opposition Syriza party told local radio Sto Kokkino.
The largest firefront was in northern Greece, where a mega blaze that erupted on Saturday near the port city of Dedeagac (Alexandroupoli) has now spread over 15 kilometres (nine miles).
The wildfires are now the largest in the EU on record for 2023 and the second largest since 2000, according to the EU.
Unprecedented scale of fires
Civil Protection Minister Vassilis Kikilias said on Thursday that there have been several attempts by arsonists to start new fires on Mount Parnitha since Thursday morning.
"Arsonist scum are setting fires that threaten forests, property and, most of all, human lives," he said in a televised address, adding police and the intelligence service EYP are investigating the incidents.
"You are committing a crime against the country, you will not get away with it, we will find you, you will be held accountable," Kikilias said.
"The state really needs to stiffen penalties (for arson), this can't go on, the whole country has burned," Nikos Xagoraris, a local deputy mayor, told ERT before breaking down in tears.
The bodies of 19 people believed to be migrants, two of them children, were found in the area this week.
A third large fire was in Boeotia, north of Athens, where a 1,000-year-old UNESCO-listed Byzantine monastery, Hosios Loukas, narrowly escaped destruction on Wednesday.
The greater Athens area -- alongside Boeotia and the island of Evia -- were the Greek regions most at risk of new fire outbreaks Thursday, the civil protection ministry said.
The hot and dry conditions that increase the fire risk will persist until Friday, according to meteorologists.
Kikilias on Wednesday said the country was going through the worst summer since fire-risk maps were introduced in 2009.
"It's an unprecedented situation, this is not a figure of speech," he said.
Fire department spokesman Artopios said Wednesday that 60 firefighters had been hurt in operations.
The fires have burned over 60,000 hectares (148,000 acres) in northern Greece and another 5,000 hectares west of Athens, according to estimates from the national observatory of forest fires operated by Aristotle University in Thessaloniki.